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7-3 7-4 EV

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The age structure of a population is the number or percentage of
a.
females age 14 or under
b.
females age 15 to 44
c.
males age 15 to 44
d.
persons of each sex at each age level
e.
persons of each sex age 15 to 44
 

 2. 

Population age structure diagrams can be divided into all of the following categories except
a.
infant
b.
prereproductive
c.
reproductive
d.
postreproductive
e.
infant and prereproductive
 

 3. 

Age structure diagrams
a.
show only two age groups: reproductive and not reproductive
b.
show the number of males and females in the infant category only
c.
are strictly for present use and do not provide insight into future trends
d.
are useful for studying developing countries but not developed countries
e.
are useful for predicting population momentum
 

 4. 

Rapidly growing countries have an age structure that
a.
forms an inverted pyramid
b.
has a broad-based pyramid
c.
shows little variation in population by age
d.
has a narrow pyramid
e.
has a relatively large postreproductive population
 

 5. 

Which of the following implies the greatest built-in momentum for population growth?
a.
a large population size
b.
a large number of people age 29 to 44
c.
a large number of people under age 34
d.
a large number of people under age 15
e.
a large number of people over the age of 45
 

 6. 

Countries undergoing rapid population decline may experience a rise in the proportion of the population
a.
On social security.
b.
Consuming a large fraction of medical services.
c.
Who are older people.
d.
Able to find work, due to labor shortages.
e.
All of these answers are correct.
 

 7. 

The term demographic transition refers to
a.
a requirement for a population to reach a specific size before it becomes stable
b.
the slowing down in the growth of a population as it approaches the carrying capacity
c.
the decline in death rates followed by decline in birth rates when a country becomes industrialized
d.
the decline in death rates followed by a decline in birth rates that occurred when the germ theory of disease was discovered
e.
all of these answers
 

 8. 

The demographic transition model helps to explain why
a.
Death rates rise in industrializing nations.
b.
Industrialization leads to population growth.
c.
Development requires large populations.
d.
Birth rates fall before death rates.
e.
Death rates fall before birth rates.
 

 9. 

In the demographic transition model, death rates fall while birth rates remain high during
a.
the preindustrial stage
b.
the industrial stage
c.
the postindustrial stage
d.
the transitional stage
e.
none of these answers
 

 10. 

In the demographic transition model, birth and death rates are high during
a.
the preindustrial stage
b.
the industrial stage
c.
the postindustrial stage
d.
the transitional stage
e.
none of these answers
 

 11. 

It is possible for a country to become caught in a demographic trap if
a.
Economic growth paces population growth.
b.
Birth rate slows too quickly.
c.
Birth rates and death rates decline at the same time.
d.
Rapid population growth overwhelms economic growth and local life support systems.
e.
All of these are true.
 

 12. 

In 2006, what percentage of married women ages 15 to 45 used modern contraception in developed countries and in developing countries?
a.
80% and 20%, respectively
b.
58% and 53%
c.
60% and 40%
d.
75% and 25%
e.
30% and 5%
 

 13. 

Suggestions that have been put forth to help make family planning efforts even more successful include
a.
educating men about the importance of having fewer children
b.
including teenagers in the educational programs
c.
including sexually active single women in the educational programs
d.
educating men about the importance of taking more responsibility for raising their children
e.
all of these answers
 

 14. 

Women tend to have fewer children when they
a.
live in societies in which their individual rights are protected
b.
have access to paying jobs outside the home
c.
have access to education
d.
all of these are correct
e.
both [live in societies in which their individual rights are protected] and [have access to education] are correct
 

 15. 

Which of the following statements about women's employment/economic status is false?
a.
Women do more than half of the work gathering fuelwood.
b.
Women do more than half of the work involved in producing food.
c.
Women have more than half of the world's assets.
d.
Women provide more of the world's health care than all of the world's organized health services put together.
e.
Women do almost all domestic work and child care.
 

 16. 

Women possess ____ of the world's land.
a.
less than 2%
b.
10%
c.
25%
d.
50%
e.
75%
 

 17. 

Women receive about ____ of the world's income.
a.
1%
b.
10%
c.
25%
d.
50%
e.
75%
 

 18. 

One of the cultural preferences driving couples to continue having children in India is
a.
The preference for female children.
b.
The desire to have both male and female children.
c.
The preference for male children.
d.
The perceived need for children to care for them in old age.
e.
More than one of the above is correct.
 

 19. 

India ____ family-planning program.
a.
had the world's first national
b.
has the world's most successful
c.
has the world's only national
d.
has the world's largest
e.
all of these answers
 

 20. 

China's population policy has included all of the following except
a.
encouraging later marriages
b.
health, pension, and employment benefits for a one-child pledge
c.
urging couples to have no more than one child
d.
free access to birth control
e.
banning abortion
 



 
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