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7-2 EV

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The population change in a particular area or country in a particular year can be calculated by
a.
(deaths + emigration) - (births + immigration)
b.
(births + immigration) - (deaths + emigration)
c.
(deaths + immigration) - (births + emigration)
d.
(births + emigration) - (deaths + immigration)
e.
(births + deaths) - (immigration + emigration)
 

 2. 

The crude birth rate is the number of live births per ____ persons in a given year.
a.
50
b.
100
c.
500
d.
1,000
e.
10,000
 

 3. 

The actual average replacement-level fertility for the whole world is slightly higher than
a.
one child per couple
b.
two children per couple
c.
three children per couple
d.
four children per couple
e.
six children per couple
 

 4. 

The birth rate in the United States has been at or below replacement level for about
a.
10 years
b.
20 years
c.
30 years
d.
40 years
e.
50 years
 

 5. 

Which of the following would decrease the likelihood of a couple having a child?
a.
The child is part of the family labor pool.
b.
Contraceptives are not available.
c.
They have no public or private pension.
d.
Women have many opportunities to participate in the work force.
e.
Infant mortality rates are high.
 

 6. 

Two useful indicators of overall health in a country or region are
a.
birth rate and death rate
b.
replacement-level fertility rate and total fertility rate
c.
life expectancy and infant mortality rate
d.
life expectancy and death rate
e.
life expectancy and population growth rate
 

 7. 

A high infant mortality rate is most often associated with
a.
A high standard of living.
b.
Undernutrition.
c.
Malnutrition.
d.
Affluence and undernutrition.
e.
Affluence.
 

 8. 

Infant mortality rate refers to the number of children out of 1,000 that die
a.
before birth
b.
in their first month
c.
in the first half-year of life
d.
by their first birthday
e.
by their fifth birthday
 

 9. 

All of the following reasons help explain why the United States has one of the highest infant mortality rates of developed countries except
a.
lack of health care for children of the poor after birth
b.
the older age of pregnant women as a result of many women delaying having children
c.
lack of health care for poor women while they are pregnant
d.
high birth rate for teenage women
e.
none of these answers
 

 10. 

Currently, legal and illegal immigration account for ____ of U.S. population growth.
a.
10%
b.
20%
c.
30%
d.
40%
e.
50%
 



 
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